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Where did Guinea Pigs come from?

Guinea pigs live in the wild in South America, living in rocky areas, grasslands and forest edges. They live in groups of about 10 adults, and live in burrows, either dug by themselves or by other animals. They are most active at night, when they come out and forage on a wide variety of plant materials.

The guinea pig was first domesticated as long ago as 2000BC in the Andes in South America, in the region now known as Peru and Bolivia. They were originally kept for food, but some may have become family pets for the children at that time. Guinea pigs were not often bought; rather they were given as presents, especially as wedding gifts, or as gifts to special guests or children! They would be kept in the household kitchen, where they would be allowed to run around freely.

At this time the guinea pig also played the role of the evil spirit collector in traditional healing rituals. In Andean medicine the guinea pig was rubbed over the body of a sick patient, and when it started squeaking they believed it had identified the affected area! Black guinea pigs were considered especially holy, as in the wild black is the rarest colour, most wild guinea pigs are brown or grey, similar to the agouti colour we see today.

In the 1700s Dutch and English traders brought guinea pigs over from South America to Europe, where they became popular pets for the aristocracy. It is possible that on the journey over to Europe that they did stop at Guinea, leading people to believe that was where they came from. Queen Elizabeth 1 owned a pet guinea pig, which probably accounted for their popularity as pets from that time.

Guinea pigs are now extremely popular pets. They are very friendly and have no tendency to bite or scratch (if you do get nipped by mistake it is probably because they mistook your finger for a carrot!). They are also very hardy, and if cared for properly they have very few health problems.

Customer Images

A guenea pig inside a blanket
Sherlock playing in the grass.
Best Friends
Two brown white and black guinea pigs in a animal run with a bowl of food
Three guinea pigs enjoying the outside


Jeffy, 21 June 2021

i need to know who made this document and i want to know when it was published

Ana, 18 March 2021

I have a multi color guinea pig and his always crying he has different types of whistling for certain things how do I learnote about them

Cindy, 26 March 2019

This was a great article! Just recently adopted a rather large Guinea pig from a family who could no longer keep him so I'm in the process of learning. This really helped. Thanks

Quinlan, 3 December 2018

This really helped me with my speech for English. It's about the origin of guinea pigs and this was the first web-page where I got more then a few sentences on the topic. It's also super fun to read with multiple cute pictures of other peoples piggies!

Aaliyah, 11 November 2018

I love guina pigs they give me support so much and I love them